She was the first woman to head a democratic government in a Muslim majority country. Ideologically a liberal and a secularistshe chaired or co-chaired the Pakistan Peoples Party PPP from the early s until her assassination in Of mixed Sindhi and Kurdish parentage, Bhutto was born in Karachi to a politically important, wealthy chrap family.
She returned to Pakistan inshortly before her father was ousted in a military coup and executed. Bhutto and her mother Nusrat took control of the PPP and led the country's Movement for the Restoration of Democracy ; Bhutto was repeatedly imprisoned by Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq professional academic essay writer sites online military government and then self-exiled cheap critical analysis essay ghostwriters service gb Britain in She returned in and—influenced by Thatcherite economics—transformed the PPP's platform from a socialist to a liberal one, before leading it to victory in the election.
As Prime Minister, her attempts at reform were stifled by conservative and Islamist forces, including President Ghulam Ishaq Khan and the powerful military.
Her administration was accused of corruption and nepotism and dismissed by Khan in Intelligence services rigged that year's cheap critical analysis essay ghostwriters service gb to ensure a victory for the conservative Islamic Democratic Alliance IJIat which Bhutto became Leader of the Opposition. Her second term oversaw economic privatisation and attempts to advance women's rights. The PPP lost the election and in she went into self-exile, living between Dubai and Best analysis essay writers site us for the next decade.
A widening corruption inquiry culminated in a conviction in a Swiss court. Following the United States—brokered negotiations with President Pervez Musharrafshe returned to Pakistan in to compete in the elections ; her platform emphasised civilian oversight of the military and opposition to growing Islamist violence.
Assemble your team of professionals
After a political rally in Rawalpindishe was assassinated. The Salafi jihadi group al-Qaeda claimed responsibility, although the involvement of the Pakistani Taliban and rogue elements of the intelligence services was widely suspected.
She was buried at her family mausoleum in Garhi Khuda Baksh. Bhutto was a controversial figure who remains divisive to this day.
She was often criticised as being politically inexperienced, was accused of being corruptand faced much opposition from Pakistan's Islamist lobby for her secularist and modernizing agenda.]